Swavesey & The Great War
Like many of his contemporaries Alfred Large had an affinity with horses - It was perfectly natural therefore that Alfred should choose to go to war on horseback.
Both Herbert Wilderspin and Cyril Day were already serving with the Northants Yeomanry when Alfred signed up at the age of 21 on 19th Feb 1915 (along with his pals John Taylor and Frank Hepher).
The 1st Regiment of the Northants Yeomanry had mobilised with the 8th Division in October 1914 and in November moved to France where it took up position in the Merville-Estairs Sector remaining in this area throughout the winter.
The second line regiment was raised to provide reinforcements in the field and it was in this context that Alfred was recruited. In March 1915 The 1st Regiment held part of the line at Neuve Chapelle (The BEFs first offensive action) suffering greviously. The Yeomen had been held ready to ride through the anticipated breech in the German line.
The Northants were not given the opportunity to charge, sabres drawn, through the enemy lines in a thunder of hooves. Instead they fought dismounted in the Flanders mud using their cavalry swords along with the few spades that were available to dig out squalid scrapes in the mud as a means of escaping the incessant chatter of German machine guns. At Neuve Chappel following the loss of half of his men the Commander of the Northants when asked to attack with his remaining 300 exhausted men was reduced to a cold fury declining to participate in a needless waste of life !
Neuve Chapelle Memorial
It was to make up this loss that Alfred along with hundreds of his newly recruited comrades (and many,many horses) joined the first line regiment at Ypres. The demand for horses was relentless and Cambridgeshire was scoured for suitable animals. During the entire 1914-1918 war no less than 484,113 British Army horses were killed and in 1917 over 1m horses were serving in France. (I once read the diary of a veteran who said that one could get used to the sound of a man dying but that the distressed mewing of an injured horse was often more than a man can bear. )
Alfreds father had died prior to the start of the war and during his childhood he had lived laterly with his mother and stepfather,Joseph Froment,in Market Street. His stepbrother Tom Froment served with the Grenadier Guards Machine Gun battalion and was later wounded at Cambrai on 6th May 1918. Toms daughter,Stella, recalls that Alfredsstepuncle served as a military policeman throughout the war having previously been in the Met.
In 1915 Ypres was an appalling place. The town was gradually being demolished by artillery fire and the enemy was using mustard gas which polluted the ground and necessitated the use of gas masks and initially urine soaked handkerchiefs as a means of protection. The topography of the Ypres salient was almost totally in the enemies favour. The defenders were enclosed by the enemy on three sides and in addition were overlooked from the surrounding high ground. The low ground was constantly waterlogged and the trenches often knee deep (sometimes waist deep) in muddy,polluted,stinking water. The engineers endeavouring to tunnel under the enemy positions at Hill 60 complained that they had to hack their way through 3 layers of dead bodies before reaching the underlying soil.
Equine casualties, Ypres March 1915
Having survived these conditions Alfred succumbed to trench fever sometime after the Regiment transferred to the Arras sector. His illness was enough to warrant a return home but in Dec 1917 Alfred returned to the front although still not in the best of health.
By mid 1917 Haig had realised (somewhat belatedly) that the war would not be won with cavalry and for that reason many of the Yeomanry Regiments were converted to Infantry. The Northants however continued as a cavalry Regiment and travelled with Plumers force to Italy in Nov 1917.
Rather than join his old regiment in Italy Trooper Large joined the Yorkshire Dragoons but quickly ended up with the West Yorkshire (Infantry). The West Yorks had fought at Passchendaele and were badly depleted.
However Alfred was still not well and in July 1918 he strained himself whilst throwing a bomb (a hand grenade). After an operation on July 22nd in France he was hospitalised at Ipswich. After a bout of influenza Alfred contracted pneumonia and eventually died on 29th April 1919 at Colchester military hospital.
The local press reported The impressive funeral service at Swavesey in detail:-
The coffin,with Union Jack as pall, and with bayonet,cap and belt resting on top. . . . . carried from Market Street. . . . . the party of soldiers followed. Then preceded by the firing party with arms reversed and with heads bowed. . . . . at the close 3 volleys were fired over the grave and Sgt Bugler Kent sounded the Last Post. So ended the most impressive funeral in Swavesey in the memory of living man.
The service was led by the Rev Selwyn Sharp who himself had served as chaplain to The Buffs and the lesson read by Sgt Wood (Headmaster of Swavesey National school). Major R Ellis helped organise the service and in the same week represented Swavesey ex servicemens views at a public meeting regarding the proposed erection of a war memorial or a new village hall.
Alfred Large lies in Swavesey churchyard against the wall on the Western side directly in line with the church tower. Spare a thought for him when you next pass.
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