Swavesey & The Great War
The Beaumont Boys
A few residents of Swavesey will remember the "National" school but I doubt if anyone will recall either Charles Wood who took over the headship in 1914 or his highly regarded predecessor Henry Beaumont who died of natural causes in that same year. During the Great War the former served as a Sergeant with the 23rd Royal Fusiliers having joined up at Kitcheners behest on October 14th,1914. Charles finished his service in Feb 1919 having spent the final year demonstrating British Army field cooking methods to the cooks of Pershings newly arrived American "doughboy" army.
It would have been a source of pride to the late Mr Beaumonts widow that by 1917 all five of her sons names appeared on the Roll of Honour which was pinned up outside Swavesey school gate. The roll was one of a number of devices used by the village elders to exert pressure on local men to enlist. The story of the Beaumont boys is typical of the experiences of a number of Swavesey families.
The first to enlist was Henry (Jnr) aged 25 - he was the 2nd oldest of the boys and joined the 7th (British Columbia) Battalion,Canadian Contingent on 3rd September 1914. Henry had emigrated to Canada along with 3 Swavesey pals - Frank Day,Harry Wells and Lawson Hepher. The four enlisted en masse although Lawson was initially rejected on medical grounds.
Following the British retreat from Mons the front line had stabilised and Henry Jnr found himself 5 miles North East of Ypres near St Julien. On April 22nd the Archduke Albrecht (commander of the 4th German Army) authorised the use of chlorine gas and the Allied front was ripped open as the 45th Algerian Div. & the 87th French Territorial Div. retreated in the face of "the green & yellow gas which turned into a blue-white mist as it drifted into allied positions". On the 24th gas was again used in the face of a Canadian counter attack & the 7th dug in on the Gravenstafel Ridge. During this action 267 men of the 7th were captured and 176 (including young Henry) were killed.
The second to enlist was Frank (2nd youngest) who had only just started work as a clerk at the Post Office. He joined the 7th London Regiment in September 1914. Frank (aged 18) wrote regularly to his mother in Swavesey & also kept a diary.
Friday May 7th 1915 "A sniper opposite persistently shot at our periscope and once hit it without breaking the glass".
Sunday May 9th 1915 "hold our trench at all costs while the English attack on our left and the French on the right. . . . . interesting to watch the aeroplanes signal the effect of our artillery fire"
Letter To Mother dated 21st May 1915 "preceded by an artillery barrage from 4am to 7am. . . . . imagine a very heavy thunderstorm,with peals of thunder going on without cessation for hours. . . we have just heard of the sinking of the Lusitania. . . "
Letter To Mother dated 23rd June 1915 "The district around our trenches is a network of reserve & communication trenches numbered & named like so many streets"
Letter To Sister In Swavesey dated 28th August 1915 "Last Wednesday we had a sports day for the division. . . . Sir Douglas Haig was there"
The sports day was a prelude to the British offensive at Loos after which Sir John French was replaced as C in C by Sir Douglas Haig. Ironically young Frank may have shared a similar experience to his older brother for Frank was injured near Grenay on 25th September at the time when British gas drifted back over our own lines in the prevailing winds. Frank was discharged from the army on 5th July after a period in hospital.
Brother George (the 3rd oldest) was involved in no fewer than 3 major battles between the time he enlisted on 24th November 1915 and that of his death on 9th February 1918 two weeks before the Kaisers offensive punched a hole 60 miles deep through the British lines. Prior to joining up George worked as a civil servant in the Admiralty - He enlisted with the 14th London Regiment (The London & Scottish) initially as a private and his baptism of fire came on 11th June 1916 when he was injured at Gommecourt on the Somme shortly before the big offensive.
Upon his return to the Western Front in November George was identified as "Officer material" and was commissioned as a 2nd Lieutenant (later Captain) with the East Surrey Regiment on 4th April 1917. Once again George displayed his knack of being in the wrong place at the wrong time. In late November General Bynge had initiated a tank attack against the German 2nd Army in the Cambrai sector achieving an initial breakthrough along a front of 6 miles and taking 10,000 prisoners. Marwitz counter attacked and the East Surreys' were sent in to reinforce the Highland Light Infantry fighting in Bourlon Wood. It was here that George won an MC on the night of 26/27th November.
Medal Citation - Parkers Piece - 30/8/1918 "The position occupied by . . . was subjected to a heavy bombardment & machine gun fire. . . . In the absence of his Company Commander. . . . coolness & splendid example. . . . later he returned to the assistance of one of his men who had been wounded. . . bandaging him & carrying him through the barrage"
Some six months later George gave his life for his King & Country.
Letter to Mrs Beaumont from Battalion Commander 3/5/1918 "He was not only a splendid officer who knew his work well but also had the hearts of his men. . . he died a brave soldier (at the age of 29) fighting to the end"
The oldest brother was Percy - a mild mannered Cambridge Graduate who was the "classics" master at Wyggeston school in Leicester. He probably registered for service under the Derby scheme joining the Royal Garrison Artillery on 17th May 1917. He went to France on 20th May but was discharged from the army,shell shocked & traumatised on 1st November 1917.
The youngest brother Arthur "celebrated" his 18th birthday on 17th May 1917 by enlisting with The Machine Gun Corps,travelling to France on 5th Feb 1918. On 21st March Ludendorff launched Operation Michael - a major offensive designed to tip the balance in Germanys favour before the Americans arrived in strength. The British 5th army under Gough disintegrated and young Percy "disappeared".
Arthur's mother heard of her sons fate by novel means and reported the circumstances to The Cambridge Weekly news - "A message written for her on the back of a packet of German cigarettes. . . stating that he was a prisoner safe & sound. . . an Officer attached to the British Mission at French General Headquarters explained that it had been taken from a captured German airman who had intended to drop it over German lines. "Young Percy must have been very persuasive.
Letter from Private Arthur Beaumont POW Giessen,Germany 22/7/1918 "During last week I have had two fine bathes in the river on the banks of which is the house where we live. . . reminds me of the old times when we trudged down to the sheep-wash at Swavesey for a swim".
Mrs Beaumont must have been so relieved to hear that her youngest son was safe & well. The war had been cruel to her as it had been to other Swavesey families - Two Beaumont boys dead,two cruelly injured and only one unscathed & safe.
|Arthur Beaumont's own account of his experiences|
|Back to Roll of Honour|